History Podcasts

San Bernardino - History

San Bernardino - History

San Bernardino

(PG-59: dp. 1,768 (f.); 1. 240'2"; b. 36'4"; dr. 15'11";
s. 17 k.; cpl. 107; a. 2 3", 2 40mm.)

Vanda, a diesel-powered yacht, was built in 1928 by Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, accepted for Navy use after the United States entered World War II, assigned the name San Bernardino by the Navy on 13 January 1942; officially acquired by the Navy from Mr. Ernest E. Dane on 20 January 1942, converted to a gunboat by the Thames Shipyard, Inc. New London Conn.; and commissioned on 2 June 1942, Lt. Comdr. George L. Burns in command.

Sailing from New York on 4 July 1942, San Bernardino (PG-59) transited the Panama Canal and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 6 August. During the remainder of World War II, she worked as a weather station ship at Oahu, Midway, Johnston, Canton, and Palmyra Islands. Departing Pearl Harbor on 4 November 1945, she arrived at San Francisco on the 12th and was decommissioned on 4 January 1946. Struck from the Navy list on 8 May, she was transferred to the Maritime Commission on 15 October for disposal.


What this Spanish missionary and explorer taught us about San Bernardino County history

It was 18th Century Spanish missionary and explorer Father Francisco Tomas Hermenegildo Garces whose diary helped our understanding of the early days of San Bernardino County’s fascinating history.

Born in Villa de Morata del Conde in north-central Spain on April 12, 1738, Garces was the first known explorer to visit the homeland of the powerful Mohave. He was also perhaps the first to travel across San Bernardino County and leave a record of his experiences.

Father Francisco Tomas Hermenegildo Garces (Courtesy of Nick Cataldo)

Father Garces, who was assigned to Mission San Xavier del Bac near what is now Tucson, had previously accompanied Captain Juan Bautista de Anza on an overland southern route in 1774, from Arizona to the San Gabriel Mission.

In September the following year, he departed from southern Arizona again, this time as part of Anza’s famous expedition, destined to establish Spanish settlements in San Francisco Bay. When the expedition reached the Yuma villages on the Colorado River in early December, Garces received permission to remain with the tribe.

A short time later, with only Native American guides as companions — including Sebastián Tarabal, who he knew well from previous Anza expeditions — the Franciscan friar set out on his epic exploration.

Garces started out traveling northward along the Colorado River to the Mohave villages. While there, he learned of their trading with coastal tribes. He took off along the Mohave Trail on March 1, 1876, for a journey across the Mojave Desert, the San Bernardino Mountains and eventually reaching Mission San Gabriel on March 24. He documented his travels each day. This momentous diary, (which includes other expeditions in 1775 and 1776) was translated and published in 1900 by Elliott Coues.

The first stretch of the trail led from Mohave settlements on the Colorado River, near what is now the city of Needles, through a hilly stretch of desert in which there were three watering holes. A day’s journey with only a scant supply of water and at the end of this stretch was the sink of the Mojave River at Soda Lake.

A look at Mohave Trail, coming down from Monument Peak and down into Devore. (Courtesy of Nick Cataldo)

From Soda Lake, the trail kept close to the Mojave River, and as it approached the San Bernardino Mountains, followed the west fork of the river beyond what is now called Las Flores Ranch. When it finally left Mojave River, the trail entered Sawpit Canyon and led to the crest of the range. The trail descended the south slope on the ridge west of Devil Canyon, turned west into Cable Canyon, crossed the lower end of the Cajon Pass, crossed Lytle Creek, led through what is today Rancho Cucamonga, and finally on to the Pacific Ocean.

“Here (near the Providence mountains) I met four Indians who had come from Santa Clara to traffic in shell beads. They were carrying no food supply, nor even bows for hunting. Noticing my astonishment at this, where there is nothing to eat, they said, ‘We Jamajabs (Mojaves) can with stand hunger and thirst for long as four days,’ to give me to understand that indeed are they hardy men.”

After traveling up the Mojave River past several abandoned village sites, Garces encountered large numbers of the Vanyume tribe.

Members of the historical society, including Nick Cataldo, standing right, works with his father, John, standing left, and Wayne Heaton, bending near monument, to resurrect the Garces-Smith Monument in 1991 at the summit of Monument Peak. (Courtesy of Nick Cataldo)

At a village on March 19, near today’s Helendale, the chief presented Garces with a string of shell beads about two yards long, while his wife poured acorns over Garces’ head — a sign of a respectful greeting.

In his diary on March 20, the padre noted a rancheria of about 70 souls and the next day encountered a rancheria of about 80. Most likely, the first of these villages was Atongaibit, located on the Mojave River near today’s Hesperia, and the second known as Guapiabit, on what is now the Los Flores Ranch in Summit Valley.

After leaving Guapiabit on March 22, Garces continued along the trail, now partly submerged beneath the waters of Lake Silverwood to the crest of the San Bernardino Mountains in the vicinity of what is now known as Monument Peak.

A statue of 18th Century Spanish missionary and explorer Father Francisco Tomas Hermenegildo Garces was erected in Bakersfield. (Courtesy of Nick Cataldo)

Overlooking the San Bernardino Valley he noted in his diary: “After three leagues I crossed the sierra by the southwest. The woods I said yesterday reached to the summit of this sierra whence I saw clearly the sea (Pacific Ocean), the Rio de Santa Ana (Santa Ana River), and the Valle de San Joseph (San Bernardino Valley).”

Descending a ridge between Cable and Devil canyons, Garces wrote: “Its descent is little wooded. At a little distance from its foot I found another rancheria where the Indians received me very joyfully.”

After visiting this Serrano village located near the intersection of Cable and Cajon creeks (today’s Devore), he passed through the San Bernardino Valley and arrived in San Gabriel two days later.

In 1779, Garcés and Juan Diaz established two mission churches on the lower Colorado River at Yuma Crossing, in the homeland of the Quechan (Yuma) tribe.

Sadly for Garces and his friend, the formerly peaceful rapport with the Quechan tribe diminished due to Spanish settlers violating the treaty, including seizing crops and farmlands.


Contents

Prior to European contact, the indigenous peoples that resided in modern day San Bernardino County were the Taaqtam (Serrano) and ʔívil̃uqaletem (Cahuilla) peoples who lived in the San Bernardino Valley and the San Bernardino Mountains the Chemehuevi and the Kawaiisu peoples who lived in the Mojave Desert region and the 'Aha Makhav (Mohave) and the Piipaash (Maricopa) peoples who lived along the Colorado River.

Spanish Missionaries from Mission San Gabriel Arcángel established a church at the village of Politania in 1810. Father Francisco Dumetz named the church San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, after the feast day of St. Bernardino of Siena. The Franciscans also gave the name San Bernardino to the snowcapped peak in Southern California, in honor of the saint and it is from him that the county derives its name. [6] In 1819, they established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia, a mission farm in what is now Redlands.

Following Mexican independence from Spain in 1821, Mexican citizens were granted land grants to establish ranchos in the area of the county. Rancho Jurupa in 1838, Rancho Cucamonga and El Rincon in 1839, Rancho Santa Ana del Chino in 1841, Rancho San Bernardino in 1842 and Rancho Muscupiabe in 1844.

Agua Mansa was the first town in what became San Bernardino County, settled by immigrants from New Mexico on land donated from the Rancho Jurupa in 1841.

Following the purchase of Rancho San Bernardino, and the establishment of the town of San Bernardino in 1851 by Mormon colonists, San Bernardino County was formed in 1853 from parts of Los Angeles County. Some of the southern parts of the county's territory were given to Riverside County in 1893.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 20,105 square miles (52,070 km 2 ), of which 20,057 square miles (51,950 km 2 ) is land and 48 square miles (120 km 2 ) (0.2%) is water. [7] It is the largest county by area in California and the largest in the United States (excluding boroughs in Alaska). [8] It is slightly larger than the states of New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware and Rhode Island combined, and is also slightly larger than Switzerland in square miles. It borders both Nevada and Arizona.

The bulk of the population, nearly two million, live in the roughly 480 square miles south of the San Bernardino Mountains adjacent to Riverside and in the San Bernardino Valley in the southwestern portion of the county. About 390,000 residents live just north of the San Bernardino Mountains, in and around the roughly 280 square-mile area that includes the Victor Valley. Roughly another 100,000 people live scattered across the rest of the sprawling county.

The Mojave National Preserve covers some of the eastern desert, especially between Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The desert portion also includes the cities of Needles next to the Colorado River and Barstow at the junction of Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. Trona is at the northwestern part of the county, west of Death Valley. This national park, mostly within Inyo County, also has a small portion of land within San Bernardino County. The largest metropolitan area in the Mojave Desert part of the county is the Victor Valley, with the incorporated localities of Adelanto, Apple Valley, Hesperia, and Victorville. Further south, a portion of Joshua Tree National Park overlaps the county near the High Desert area, in the vicinity of Twentynine Palms. The remaining towns make up the remainder of the High Desert: Pioneertown, Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree, Landers, and Morongo Valley.

Adjacent counties Edit

National protected areas Edit

More than 80% of the county's land is owned by the federal government. [9] There are at least 35 official wilderness areas in the county that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. This is the largest number of any county in the United States (although not the largest in total area). The majority are managed by the Bureau of Land Management, but some are integral components of the above listed national protected areas. Most of these wilderness areas lie entirely within the county, but a few are shared with neighboring counties (and two of these are shared with the neighboring states of Arizona and Nevada).

Except as noted, these wilderness areas are managed solely by the Bureau of Land Management and lie within San Bernardino County:

2011 Edit

Population, race, and income
Total population [10] 2,023,452
White [10] 1,240,228 61.3%
Black or African American [10] 176,209 8.7%
American Indian or Alaska Native [10] 20,762 1.0%
Asian [10] 126,991 6.3%
Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander [10] 5,984 0.3%
Some other race [10] 364,236 18.0%
Two or more races [10] 89,042 4.4%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) [11] 984,022 48.6%
Per capita income [12] $21,932
Median household income [13] $55,853
Median family income [14] $61,525

Places by population, race, and income Edit

Places by population and race
Place Type [15] Population [10] White [10] Other [10]
[note 1]
Asian [10] Black or African
American [10]
Native American [10]
[note 2]
Hispanic or Latino
(of any race) [11]
Adelanto City 30,670 55.5% 19.4% 2.4% 21.1% 1.5% 51.8%
Apple Valley Town 68,316 76.6% 10.1% 2.0% 10.4% 0.9% 28.7%
Baker CDP 713 37.0% 52.5% 0.0% 8.7% 1.8% 69.6%
Barstow City 22,913 58.8% 18.0% 1.7% 16.4% 5.0% 39.6%
Big Bear City CDP 11,504 82.3% 13.7% 1.1% 1.3% 1.6% 23.7%
Big Bear Lake City 5,109 74.9% 20.9% 0.0% 1.8% 2.3% 24.0%
Big River CDP 1,213 88.0% 8.9% 0.0% 0.0% 3.1% 12.1%
Bloomington CDP 25,234 60.9% 33.2% 0.8% 3.5% 1.6% 83.5%
Bluewater CDP 114 100.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 10.5%
Chino City 78,050 60.8% 22.2% 9.8% 6.4% 0.9% 54.3%
Chino Hills City 74,765 55.6% 11.8% 28.3% 3.8% 0.5% 30.2%
Colton City 52,283 50.2% 32.5% 5.2% 10.4% 1.6% 68.0%
Crestline CDP 8,743 87.5% 9.7% 0.8% 1.2% 0.8% 14.2%
Fontana City 192,779 58.2% 24.8% 6.4% 9.7% 0.9% 65.9%
Fort Irwin CDP 9,781 69.4% 10.1% 7.1% 10.2% 3.2% 25.5%
Grand Terrace City 12,132 65.4% 20.8% 7.6% 5.6% 0.6% 37.9%
Hesperia City 88,247 74.9% 15.0% 2.1% 6.3% 1.7% 47.9%
Highland City 52,777 52.4% 29.5% 7.1% 10.1% 0.9% 47.9%
Homestead Valley CDP 3,072 94.7% 3.6% 1.3% 0.0% 0.4% 3.8%
Joshua Tree CDP 7,194 82.4% 10.6% 2.7% 3.0% 1.3% 16.4%
Lake Arrowhead CDP 9,434 81.0% 16.4% 0.6% 1.4% 0.6% 23.7%
Lenwood CDP 3,784 63.3% 25.1% 0.4% 9.4% 1.8% 44.7%
Loma Linda City 23,081 48.4% 15.0% 28.7% 6.8% 1.1% 22.8%
Lucerne Valley CDP 6,029 76.4% 6.6% 1.7% 12.1% 3.1% 21.3%
Lytle Creek CDP 735 86.8% 2.3% 8.2% 0.0% 2.7% 27.3%
Mentone CDP 8,670 75.5% 12.0% 4.2% 7.7% 0.7% 29.7%
Montclair City 36,802 43.1% 39.8% 10.2% 4.6% 2.3% 67.1%
Morongo Valley CDP 3,550 81.7% 15.3% 0.1% 0.0% 2.9% 25.4%
Mountain View Acres CDP 3,376 68.5% 18.2% 1.9% 11.1% 0.4% 58.4%
Muscoy CDP 11,573 52.2% 41.8% 3.2% 1.7% 1.0% 82.8%
Needles City 4,910 74.5% 9.3% 1.6% 3.0% 11.5% 16.0%
Oak Glen CDP 502 95.6% 1.4% 0.0% 3.0% 0.0% 20.9%
Oak Hills CDP 8,780 84.2% 9.6% 3.5% 0.7% 2.1% 34.5%
Ontario City 165,120 52.6% 33.9% 4.6% 7.6% 1.4% 66.5%
Phelan CDP 12,851 78.5% 14.8% 4.0% 1.2% 1.4% 29.5%
Piñon Hills CDP 6,130 93.4% 5.1% 0.4% 1.0% 0.0% 18.0%
Rancho Cucamonga City 163,151 63.2% 16.4% 10.5% 8.4% 1.5% 34.8%
Redlands City 68,995 69.6% 15.9% 7.9% 5.3% 1.3% 29.5%
Rialto City 99,501 59.2% 22.5% 2.4% 14.9% 0.9% 67.2%
Running Springs CDP 5,027 84.4% 11.2% 0.9% 0.4% 3.1% 17.6%
San Antonio Heights CDP 3,914 74.0% 18.0% 7.1% 0.1% 0.8% 21.5%
San Bernardino City 210,100 44.8% 34.9% 4.4% 14.9% 1.1% 58.8%
Searles Valley CDP 1,812 91.9% 5.0% 0.0% 2.2% 0.8% 9.9%
Silver Lakes CDP 4,508 88.1% 4.3% 3.7% 3.2% 0.7% 14.2%
Spring Valley Lake CDP 8,080 91.3% 5.4% 1.9% 1.0% 0.3% 21.1%
Twentynine Palms City 25,786 74.8% 10.1% 3.6% 7.4% 4.1% 19.8%
Upland City 74,021 61.0% 22.5% 9.3% 5.5% 1.8% 37.8%
Victorville City 111,704 62.0% 17.1% 4.5% 15.4% 1.1% 47.5%
Wrightwood CDP 4,556 96.6% 2.5% 0.9% 0.0% 0.0% 10.1%
Yucaipa City 50,862 81.0% 13.6% 2.5% 1.9% 1.0% 26.3%
Yucca Valley Town 20,508 82.7% 11.0% 2.6% 2.4% 1.4% 14.1%
Places by population and income
Place Type [15] Population [16] Per capita income [12] Median household income [13] Median family income [14]
Adelanto City 30,670 $11,771 $42,208 $45,187
Apple Valley Town 68,316 $23,229 $50,664 $57,811
Baker CDP 713 $11,235 $33,000 $43,047
Barstow City 22,913 $20,571 $45,417 $55,403
Big Bear City CDP 11,504 $21,008 $41,509 $54,881
Big Bear Lake City 5,109 $22,207 $31,541 $36,750
Big River CDP 1,213 $24,254 $29,219 $43,611
Bloomington CDP 25,234 $13,492 $44,673 $44,855
Bluewater CDP 114 $25,664 $32,500 $41,250
Chino City 78,050 $22,918 $73,400 $80,411
Chino Hills City 74,765 $35,157 $101,905 $108,140
Colton City 52,283 $16,385 $41,788 $46,195
Crestline CDP 8,743 $24,872 $51,478 $58,171
Fontana City 192,779 $19,297 $64,058 $65,652
Fort Irwin CDP 9,781 $18,214 $52,798 $53,774
Grand Terrace City 12,132 $29,591 $64,337 $82,898
Hesperia City 88,247 $17,589 $48,624 $52,894
Highland City 52,777 $22,494 $59,419 $66,445
Homestead Valley CDP 3,072 $19,107 $26,356 $38,838
Joshua Tree CDP 7,194 $25,501 $43,510 $49,221
Lake Arrowhead CDP 9,434 $35,810 $63,117 $68,462
Lenwood CDP 3,784 $16,799 $43,000 $53,938
Loma Linda City 23,081 $31,242 $61,116 $71,844
Lucerne Valley CDP 6,029 $16,034 $25,323 $34,167
Lytle Creek CDP 735 $21,703 $65,982 $74,050
Mentone CDP 8,670 $25,747 $56,075 $57,198
Montclair City 36,802 $17,173 $50,959 $51,434
Morongo Valley CDP 3,550 $23,084 $37,734 $57,321
Mountain View Acres CDP 3,376 $17,573 $54,427 $58,125
Muscoy CDP 11,573 $11,294 $44,853 $50,236
Needles City 4,910 $19,818 $30,139 $34,968
Oak Glen CDP 502 $23,376 $63,902 $68,462
Oak Hills CDP 8,780 $29,805 $76,882 $84,158
Ontario City 165,120 $19,123 $55,902 $57,731
Phelan CDP 12,851 $23,682 $52,863 $61,746
Piñon Hills CDP 6,130 $26,576 $38,140 $58,542
Rancho Cucamonga City 163,151 $32,738 $78,782 $88,362
Redlands City 68,995 $32,586 $68,015 $82,420
Rialto City 99,501 $15,967 $50,452 $54,271
Running Springs CDP 5,027 $28,608 $60,833 $76,121
San Antonio Heights CDP 3,914 $46,524 $97,960 $102,692
San Bernardino City 210,100 $15,762 $40,161 $42,771
Searles Valley CDP 1,812 $22,908 $31,970 $65,472
Silver Lakes CDP 4,508 $30,517 $64,058 $73,405
Spring Valley Lake CDP 8,080 $24,390 $54,344 $67,877
Twentynine Palms City 25,786 $21,546 $43,412 $45,225
Upland City 74,021 $29,614 $67,449 $75,304
Victorville City 111,704 $17,249 $52,357 $53,667
Wrightwood CDP 4,556 $36,747 $80,793 $89,583
Yucaipa City 50,862 $26,985 $59,596 $73,302
Yucca Valley Town 20,508 $21,990 $45,502 $52,942

2010 Edit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18605,551
18703,988 −28.2%
18807,786 95.2%
189025,497 227.5%
190027,929 9.5%
191056,706 103.0%
192073,401 29.4%
1930133,900 82.4%
1940161,108 20.3%
1950281,642 74.8%
1960503,591 78.8%
1970684,072 35.8%
1980895,016 30.8%
19901,418,380 58.5%
20001,709,434 20.5%
20102,035,210 19.1%
2019 (est.)2,180,085 [4] 7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [17]
1790–1960 [18] 1900–1990 [19]
1990–2000 [20] 2010–2018 [3]

The 2010 United States Census reported that San Bernardino County had a population of 2,035,210. The racial makeup of San Bernardino County was 1,153,161 (56.7%) White, 181,862 (8.9%) African American, 22,689 (1.1%) Native American, 128,603 (6.3%) Asian, 6,870 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 439,661 (21.6%) from other races, and 102,364 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,001,145 persons (49.2%). [21]

Population reported at 2010 United States Census
The county Total
Population
White African
American
Native
American
Asian Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
San Bernardino County 2,035,210 1,153,161 181,862 22,689 128,603 6,870 439,661 102,364 1,001,145
Incorporated
cities and towns
Total
Population
White African
American
Native
American
Asian Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Adelanto 31,765 13,909 6,511 411 617 194 8,337 1,786 18,513
Apple Valley 69,135 47,762 6,321 779 2,020 294 8,345 3,614 20,156
Barstow 22,639 11,840 3,313 477 723 278 4,242 1,766 9,700
Big Bear Lake 5,019 4,204 22 48 78 10 491 166 1,076
Chino 77,983 43,981 4,829 786 8,159 168 16,503 3,557 41,993
Chino Hills 74,799 38,035 3,415 379 22,676 115 6,520 3,659 21,802
Colton 52,154 22,613 5,055 661 2,590 176 18,413 2,646 37,039
Fontana 196,069 92,978 19,574 1,957 12,948 547 58,449 9,616 130,957
Grand Terrace 12,040 7,912 673 120 778 32 1,898 627 4,708
Hesperia 90,173 55,129 5,226 1,118 1,884 270 22,115 4,431 44,091
Highland 53,104 27,836 5,887 542 3,954 168 11,826 2,891 25,556
Loma Linda 23,261 11,122 2,032 97 6,589 154 2,022 1,245 5,171
Montclair 36,664 19,337 1,908 434 3,425 74 9,882 1,604 25,744
Needles 4,844 3,669 95 399 35 9 323 314 1,083
Ontario 163,924 83,683 10,561 1,686 8,453 514 51,373 7,654 113,085
Rancho Cucamonga 165,269 102,401 15,246 1,134 17,208 443 19,878 8,959 57,688
Redlands 68,747 47,452 3,564 625 5,216 235 8,266 3,389 20,810
Rialto 99,171 43,592 16,236 1,062 2,258 361 30,993 4,669 67,038
San Bernardino 209,924 95,734 31,582 2,822 8,454 839 59,827 10,666 125,994
Twentynine Palms 25,048 17,938 2,063 329 979 345 1,678 1,716 5,212
Upland 73,732 48,364 5,400 522 6,217 159 9,509 3,561 28,035
Victorville 115,903 56,258 19,483 1,665 4,641 489 26,036 7,331 55,359
Yucaipa 51,367 40,824 837 485 1,431 74 5,589 2,127 13,943
Yucca Valley 20,700 17,280 666 232 469 44 1,185 824 3,679
Census-designated
places
Total
Population
White African
American
Native
American
Asian Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
Baker 735 302 1 5 10 14 380 23 502
Big Bear City 12,304 10,252 83 202 103 31 1,089 544 2,323
Big River 1,327 1,137 14 50 2 0 54 70 160
Bloomington 23,851 12,988 649 309 330 47 8,600 928 19,326
Bluewater 172 156 2 1 0 1 9 3 11
Crestline 10,770 9,289 107 135 96 20 526 597 1,775
Fort Irwin 8,845 5,481 1,086 103 402 120 916 737 2,261
Homestead Valley 3,032 2,594 34 58 30 9 196 111 517
Joshua Tree 7,414 6,176 234 84 104 18 368 430 1,308
Lake Arrowhead 12,424 10,729 95 93 152 33 847 475 2,709
Lenwood 3,543 2,133 219 94 37 25 813 222 1,675
Lucerne Valley 5,811 4,507 170 106 90 0 676 262 1,447
Lytle Creek 701 606 6 7 23 0 25 34 98
Mentone 8,720 6,114 438 122 352 32 1,234 428 3,085
Morongo Valley 3,552 3,076 40 73 31 4 187 141 531
Mountain View Acres 3,130 1,748 215 48 98 17 861 143 1,647
Muscoy 10,644 4,459 454 125 101 16 4,992 497 8,824
Oak Glen 638 545 50 13 2 1 14 13 123
Oak Hills 8,879 6,796 266 100 226 28 1,166 297 2,719
Phelan 14,304 10,807 276 139 446 20 1,993 623 4,128
Piñon Hills 7,272 5,966 58 65 189 4 659 331 1,738
Running Springs 4,862 4,325 23 47 50 6 146 265 695
San Antonio Heights 3,371 2,765 67 24 284 15 115 101 612
Searles Valley 1,739 1,405 69 56 16 6 83 104 293
Silver Lakes 5,623 4,566 315 39 198 15 270 220 907
Spring Valley Lake 8,220 6,450 403 55 381 23 481 427 1,528
Wrightwood 4,525 4,126 38 28 51 7 112 163 538
Other
unincorporated areas
Total
Population
White African
American
Native
American
Asian Pacific
Islander
other
races
two or
more races
Hispanic
or Latino
(of any race)
All others not CDPs (combined) 115,368 69,810 5,951 1,738 2,997 366 29,149 5,357 61,233

2000 Edit

As of the census [22] of 2000, there were 1,709,434 people, 528,594 households, and 404,374 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km 2 ). There were 601,369 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the county was 58.9% White, 9.1% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 20.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 39.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.3% were of German, 5.5% English and 5.1% Irish ancestry. 66.1% spoke English, 27.7% Spanish and 1.1% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 528,594 households, out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.6% had someone 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 3.2 people, and the average family size was 3.6 people.

The number of homeless in San Bernardino County grew from 5,270 in 2002 to 7,331 in 2007, a 39% increase. [23]

In the county, the population was spread out—with 32.3% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,066, and the median income for a family was $46,574. Males had a median income of $37,025 versus $27,993 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,856. About 12.6% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

County government Edit

The San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors has 5 members elected from their districts: [24]

    (First District),
  • Janice Rutherford (Second District),
  • Dawn Rowe (Third District),
  • Chairman Curt Hagman (Fourth District), and
  • Vice Chair Josie Gonzales (Fifth District).

Other County of San Bernardino Elected Officials [25]

State and federal representation Edit

In the United States House of Representatives, San Bernardino County is split between 5 congressional districts: [26]

In the California State Assembly, San Bernardino County is split between 8 assembly districts: [27]

    , represented by RepublicanThurston Smith, , represented by RepublicanTom Lackey, , represented by DemocratJames Ramos, , represented by DemocratChris Holden, , represented by IndependentChad Mayes, , represented by DemocratEloise Reyes, , represented by DemocratFreddie Rodriguez, and , represented by RepublicanPhillip Chen.

In the California State Senate, San Bernardino County is split between 6 districts: [28]

    , represented by RepublicanShannon Grove, , represented by DemocratConnie Leyva, , represented by RepublicanScott Wilk, , represented by RepublicanRosilicie Ochoa Bogh, , represented by DemocratAnthony Portantino, and , represented by DemocratJosh Newman.

Policing Edit

Sheriff Edit

The San Bernardino County Sheriff provides court protection, jail administration, and coroner services for all of San Bernardino County. It provides police patrol, detective, and marshal services for the unincorporated areas of the county.

Municipal police Edit

Municipal police departments in the county are: Fontana, San Bernardino, Rialto, Ontario, Upland, Montclair, Chino, Redlands, Colton, and Barstow. The San Bernardino County Sheriff provides contract law enforcement services to 14 incorporated cities and towns: Adelanto, Apple Valley, Big Bear, Chino Hills, Grand Terrace, Hesperia, Highland, Loma Linda, Needles, Rancho Cucamonga, Twentynine Palms, Victorville, Yucaipa, and Yucca Valley. Also for the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians. The Sheriff's Commanders assigned to these stations acts as each municipality's Chief of Police. [ citation needed ]

Voter registration Edit

Population and registered voters
Total population [10] 2,023,452
Registered voters [29] [note 3] 869,637 43.0%
Democratic [29] 339,603 39.1%
Republican [29] 307,945 35.4%
Democratic–Republican spread [29] +31,658 +3.7%
Independent [29] 31,121 3.6%
Green [29] 3,174 0.4%
Libertarian [29] 5,121 0.6%
Peace and Freedom [29] 3,204 0.4%
Americans Elect [29] 68 0.0%
Other [29] 1,941 0.2%
No party preference [29] 177,460 20.4%

Cities by population and voter registration Edit

Cities by population and voter registration
City Population [10] Registered voters [29]
[note 3]
Democratic [29] Republican [29] D–R spread [29] Other [29] No party preference [29]
Adelanto 30,670 29.8% 48.8% 21.7% +27.1% 11.1% 23.2%
Apple Valley 68,316 52.3% 29.1% 46.1% -17.0% 11.5% 18.4%
Barstow 22,913 37.2% 41.5% 29.0% +12.5% 11.0% 23.3%
Big Bear Lake 5,109 56.7% 23.9% 51.6% -27.7% 10.8% 17.9%
Chino 78,050 42.0% 39.2% 36.9% +2.3% 7.1% 19.8%
Chino Hills 74,765 52.6% 31.8% 40.6% -8.8% 6.9% 23.4%
Colton 52,283 38.9% 49.9% 25.4% +24.5% 7.5% 20.2%
Fontana 192,779 38.2% 48.6% 24.7% +23.9% 7.0% 22.5%
Grand Terrace 12,132 54.9% 37.0% 39.3% -2.3% 8.1% 18.9%
Hesperia 88,247 41.7% 34.3% 38.2% -3.9% 10.9% 21.2%
Highland 52,777 45.5% 38.4% 37.4% +1.0% 8.0% 19.5%
Loma Linda 23,081 46.2% 32.9% 36.3% -3.4% 8.5% 25.8%
Montclair 36,802 35.8% 50.2% 23.5% +26.7% 7.1% 21.8%
Needles 4,910 39.1% 40.8% 28.7% +12.1% 13.8% 22.8%
Ontario 165,120 36.7% 46.9% 28.5% +18.4% 7.1% 20.3%
Rancho Cucamonga 163,151 53.8% 35.6% 39.5% -3.9% 8.0% 20.3%
Redlands 68,995 56.1% 33.9% 42.4% -8.5% 8.9% 18.4%
Rialto 99,501 39.6% 52.0% 23.7% +28.3% 6.9% 20.1%
San Bernardino 210,100 36.8% 46.5% 29.5% +17.0% 7.7% 19.4%
Twentynine Palms 25,786 22.1% 27.5% 41.1% -13.6% 11.1% 24.9%
Upland 74,021 52.0% 35.4% 40.7% -5.3% 7.6% 19.3%
Victorville 111,704 38.4% 43.5% 29.6% +13.9% 10.0% 21.1%
Yucaipa 50,862 54.1% 27.5% 48.9% -21.4% 10.4% 17.5%
Yucca Valley 20,508 48.0% 28.1% 45.3% -17.2% 11.4% 20.1%

Overview Edit

United States presidential election results for San Bernardino County, California [30]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No. % No. % No. %
2020 366,257 43.54% 455,859 54.20% 19,014 2.26%
2016 271,240 41.48% 340,833 52.12% 41,910 6.41%
2012 262,358 45.01% 305,109 52.34% 15,463 2.65%
2008 277,408 45.75% 315,720 52.07% 13,206 2.18%
2004 289,306 55.29% 227,789 43.53% 6,181 1.18%
2000 221,757 48.75% 214,749 47.21% 18,387 4.04%
1996 180,135 43.58% 183,372 44.36% 49,848 12.06%
1992 176,563 37.24% 183,634 38.74% 113,873 24.02%
1988 235,167 59.99% 151,118 38.55% 5,723 1.46%
1984 222,071 64.80% 116,454 33.98% 4,180 1.22%
1980 172,957 59.68% 91,790 31.67% 25,065 8.65%
1976 113,265 49.49% 109,636 47.90% 5,984 2.61%
1972 144,689 59.73% 85,986 35.49% 11,581 4.78%
1968 111,974 50.07% 89,418 39.99% 22,224 9.94%
1964 92,145 42.78% 123,012 57.11% 243 0.11%
1960 99,481 52.00% 90,888 47.51% 944 0.49%
1956 86,263 56.88% 64,946 42.83% 443 0.29%
1952 77,718 57.34% 56,663 41.81% 1,153 0.85%
1948 46,570 48.59% 45,691 47.68% 3,577 3.73%
1944 34,084 46.52% 38,530 52.59% 646 0.88%
1940 30,511 44.30% 37,520 54.47% 847 1.23%
1936 22,219 38.97% 33,955 59.55% 842 1.48%
1932 22,094 44.59% 24,889 50.23% 2,565 5.18%
1928 29,229 74.73% 9,436 24.13% 447 1.14%
1924 15,974 56.93% 2,634 9.39% 9,453 33.69%
1920 12,518 62.84% 5,620 28.21% 1,783 8.95%
1916 11,932 50.68% 9,398 39.92% 2,215 9.41%
1912 172 1.12% 5,835 38.03% 9,336 60.85%
1908 4,729 52.90% 2,685 30.03% 1,526 17.07%
1904 3,884 58.23% 1,573 23.58% 1,213 18.19%
1900 3,135 52.15% 2,347 39.05% 529 8.80%
1896 2,818 48.54% 2,740 47.20% 247 4.25%
1892 3,686 48.71% 2,546 33.65% 1,335 17.64%
1888 3,059 53.50% 2,388 41.76% 271 4.74%
1884 1,617 54.37% 1,288 43.31% 69 2.32%
1880 730 49.09% 711 47.81% 46 3.09%

San Bernardino County is a county in which candidates from both major political parties have won in recent elections. Democrat Hillary Clinton carried the county by a majority and by double digits in 2016. The Democratic Party also carried the county in 2008 and 2012, when Barack Obama won majorities of the county's votes, and in 1992 and 1996, when Bill Clinton won pluralities. Republican George W. Bush took the county in 2000 by a plurality and in 2004 by a majority. The county is split between heavily Latino, middle-class, and Democratic areas and more wealthy conservative areas. The heavily Latino cities of Ontario and San Bernardino went for John Kerry in 2004, but with a relatively low voter turnout. In 2006, San Bernardino's population exceeded 201,000, and in 2004, only 42,520 votes were cast in the city in 2006, strongly Republican Rancho Cucamonga had over 145,000 residents, of whom 53,054 voted.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 2020, there were 1,016,190 registered voters in San Bernardino County. Of those, 410,197 (40.37%) were registered Democrats, 298,234 (29.35%) were registered Republicans, with the remainder belonging to minor political parties or declining to state. [31]

On November 4, 2008, San Bernardino County voted 67% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages. [32]

Law enforcement Edit

The current district attorney is Jason Anderson, who was elected in March 2018 and took office on January 1, 2019.

The county's primary law enforcement agency is the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department. The department provides law enforcement services in the unincorporated areas of the county and in 14 contract cities, operates the county jail system, provides marshal services in the county superior courts, and has numerous other divisions to serve the residents of the county.

Fire rescue Edit

The county operates the San Bernardino County Consolidated Fire District (commonly known as the San Bernardino County Fire Department). The department provides "all-risk" fire, rescue, and emergency medical services to all unincorporated areas in the county except for several areas served by independent fire protection districts, and several cities that chose to contract with the department.

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Population and crime rates
Population [10] 2,023,452
Violent crime [33] 10,038 4.96
Homicide [33] 121 0.06
Forcible rape [33] 500 0.25
Robbery [33] 3,017 1.49
Aggravated assault [33] 6,400 3.16
Property crime [33] 35,314 17.45
Burglary [33] 15,178 7.50
Larceny-theft [33] [note 4] 31,697 15.66
Motor vehicle theft [33] 9,730 4.81
Arson [33] 512 0.25

Cities by population and crime rates Edit

Cities by population and crime rates
City Population [34] Violent crimes [34] Violent crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Property crimes [34] Property crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Adelanto 32,520 199 6.12 924 28.41
Apple Valley 70,823 221 3.12 1,874 26.46
Barstow 23,188 207 8.93 843 36.36
Big Bear Lake 5,141 42 8.17 313 60.88
Chino 79,792 291 3.65 2,116 26.52
Chino Hills 76,632 64 0.84 956 12.48
Colton 53,431 189 3.54 1,907 35.69
Fontana 200,874 850 4.23 4,494 22.37
Grand Terrace 12,333 29 2.35 285 23.11
Hesperia 92,383 402 4.35 2,502 27.08
Highland 54,403 296 5.44 1,616 29.70
Loma Linda 23,819 43 1.81 626 26.28
Montclair 37,556 197 5.25 1,703 45.35
Needles 4,963 23 4.63 213 42.92
Ontario 167,933 534 3.18 5,056 30.11
Rancho Cucamonga 169,276 321 1.90 4,362 25.77
Redlands 70,399 221 3.14 2,992 42.50
Rialto 101,595 509 5.01 3,571 35.15
San Bernardino 214,987 2,022 9.41 10,510 48.89
Twentynine Palms 25,612 81 3.16 463 18.08
Upland 75,531 148 1.96 2,328 30.82
Victorville 118,687 676 5.70 4,465 37.62
Yucaipa 52,622 119 2.26 944 17.94
Yucca Valley 21,204 90 4.24 560 26.41

Colleges and universities Edit

The San Bernardino County Library System consists of 33 branches across the county. The library system also has inter-library loan partnerships with libraries in College of the Desert, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, and Victorville. [35] Library services offered vary from branch to branch, but include internet access, children's story times, adult literacy services, book clubs, classes, and special events. [36] The library system also offers e-books, digital music and movie downloads, free access to online learning through Lynda.com, and many other digital services. [37]

City-sponsored public libraries also exist in San Bernardino County, including A. K. Smiley Public Library in Redlands, California, which was built in 1898. [38] Other public libraries in the County include: The San Bernardino City Public Library System, Rancho Cucamonga Public Library, Upland Public Library, Colton City Library, and the Ontario City Library. [39] These libraries are separate from the county system and do not share circulation privileges.

Major highways Edit

  • I-10
  • I-15
  • I-15 BL
  • I-40
  • I-215
  • US 95
  • US 395
  • SR 2
  • SR 18
  • SR 38
  • SR 58
  • SR 60
  • SR 62
  • SR 66
  • SR 71
  • SR 83
  • SR 127
  • SR 138
  • SR 142
  • SR 173
  • SR 178
  • SR 189
  • SR 210
  • SR 247
  • SR 259
  • SR 330

Public transportation Edit

    provides bus service in Yucca Valley, Joshua Tree and Twentynine Palms (including the Marine base). Limited service is also provided to Palm Springs. (MARTA) covers the Lake Arrowhead and Big Bear regions. Limited service is also provided to Downtown San Bernardino. serves Needles and the surrounding county area. provides transit service in the urbanized portion of San Bernardino County, serving the City of San Bernardino, as well as the area between Montclair and Yucaipa. operates buses in Victorville, Hesperia, Adelanto, Apple Valley and the surrounding county area. connects the Inland Empire area to the San Gabriel Valley and downtown Los Angeles. connects Montclair, and Anaheim to Riverside County.
  • San Bernardino County is also served by Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains. Metrolink commuter trains connect the urbanized portion of the county with Los Angeles, Orange, and Riverside Counties.

Airports Edit

  • Commercial domestic and international passenger flights are available at Ontario International Airport. Ontario is also the second-largest air freight hub in the Southern California region after LAX.
  • Though commercial passenger operations have been planned and discussed for years, San Bernardino International Airport is currently being developed mainly as an additional air freight hub in the region and is the site of general aviation operations which were moved from the now-closed Rialto airport. SBIA can be accessed from I-215 via Mill Street, I-10 via Tippecanoe Avenue, and SR-210 via 3rd Street. Terminal construction recently finished [when?] , and commercial flights are planned, awaiting carriers to select SBD as a destination airport. There is also a logistics center for Amazon's Amazon Air service under construction on the airport grounds. (Victorville) is a major airplane graveyard, general aviation airport, and a Partial Air Force Installation.
  • The County of San Bernardino owns six general aviation airports: Apple Valley Airport, Baker Airport, Barstow-Daggett Airport, Chino Airport, Needles Airport, and Twentynine Palms Airport.
  • Other general aviation airports in the county include: Big Bear City Airport, Cable Airport (Upland), Hesperia Airport (not listed in NPIAS), [40] and Redlands Municipal Airport

California Attorney General Jerry Brown sued the county in April 2007 under the state's environmental quality act for failing to account for the impact of global warming in the county's 25-year growth plan, approved in March. The Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club and the Audubon Society also sued in a separate case. According to Brendan Cummings, a senior attorney for the plaintiffs: "San Bernardino has never seen a project it didn't like. They rubber-stamp development. It's very much of a frontier mentality." The plaintiffs want the county to rewrite its growth plan's environmental impact statement to include methods to measure greenhouse gases and take steps to reduce them. [41]

According to county spokesman David Wert, only 15% of the county is controlled by the county [ clarification needed ] the rest is cities and federal and state land. However, the county says it will make sure employment centers and housing are near transportation corridors to reduce traffic and do more to promote compact development and mass transit. The county budgeted $325,000 to fight the lawsuit. [41]

The state and the county reached a settlement in August 2007. [42] The county agreed to amend its general plan to include a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan, including an emission inventory and reduction targets.


The First National Bank

The First National Bank of San Bernardino was organized in June, 1886, with a capital stock of $100,000 and there being no suitable rooms accessible for its occupancy in the city, the corporation purchased the building on the northwest corner of Third and D streets, and had it fitted up expressly for the use of the bank. A large fireproof vault was built in which was placed the elegant new burglarproof safe manufactured to order by the Hall Safe &, Lock Company of Cincinnati, Ohio. The bank opened its doors for business on September 10, 1886, with J. H. Smith as president and W. N. Crandall as cashier. A year after the hank opened Mr. Crandall retired and Joseph Brown, the present cashier, was elected as his successor. The career of the First National Bank has been one of continuous prosperity from the day of its opening, and it is now making as much money for its stockholders, notwithstanding the general depression ill business consequent upon – the speculative boom of two years ago, as at any time in its history. The bank has regularly paid semi-annual dividends, and has an accumulated surplus of $15,000. It does a large domestic and foreign exchange business, drawing direct on banks in the principal cities of the United States and Europe. The stockholders are mostly residents of the county, and are among the shrewdest and most successful businessmen in this part of the State. The bank receives rentals on offices and stores in their building sufficient to pay a liberal interest on the purchase price.


Department of History

We are open and ready to support you! As we continue to monitor and meet established safety guidelines in response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak, our offices are still open and operating in a virtual format. You can reach us using the information in the "Contact Us" box, or contact any faculty member using the information on the "Faculty" page. We will respond as quickly as possible. Please keep a close watch for new announcements. Many of them, as well as several resources, can be found on CSUSB’s dedicated COVID-19 web page.

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History is the study of changes throughout the past as a means to understand our present and inform our future. It enables us to obtain context for contemporary systems, institutions, politics, cultures, and moral questions. It engages students in questions about causality and asks students to see the contingent conditions that have shaped our world. History asks students to do much more than memorize facts, but instead challenges students to see the world from various viewpoints, evaluate a multiplicity of sources, develop a sense of context and coherence, all while recognizing the complexity and obscurity of our world.

Through historical inquiry, students will learn how to confront, contemplate, analyze, evaluate, and present their own assessments of the past. History majors at CSUSB do not just read and write about history, but engage with the past in creative, practical, and innovative ways. In addition to community engagement, and through diverse course offerings that span different periods and places, students will not only gain a new understanding of their local and global communities, they will also be well prepared for a multitude of career opportunities, including, but not limited to, education, government, law, public history, business, and media. Applying new and dynamic methods of history, our students learn vital skills that can be applied in the marketplace.

The department offers courses across all areas of the world and temporal time periods. Courses are offered in the areas of African, Asian, European, Latin American, Middle East, and United States history. Courses are often integrative and are constantly updated to reflect new areas of interest and faculty expertise. CSUSB’s history department is one of the few in the country to offer an undergraduate degree in Public and Oral History.


San Bernardino - History

American Local History Network's

San Bernardino County, California

A web page devoted to the history of San Bernardino County, California.

This page is meant to be a learning experience for all involved. I'm hoping that we can use this page to bring together ideas, research, queries, and reminiscences about the history of San Bernardino County, and to a lesser extent, the Inland Empire as a whole.

My name is Steve Lech, and I've been a local history enthusiast for many years. I've often thought that there should be an forum wherein anyone who is interested in local history as a hobby can submit ideas, research, oral histories, etc. The Internet has given us that opportunity, and I hope that this will be an enjoyable undertaking for all.

You are the 70833rd visitor to this site since August 21, 1998. Read - The History of San Bernardino County

In 1850, when the first California legislature met to divided the new state of California into its original 27 counties, the area that would become San Bernardino County was then in the huge San Diego County. A year later, it became part of the expanding Los Angeles County. But in April, 1853, a bill was introduced to divide off the eastern portion of Los Angeles County - and San Bernardino County was born.

For several thousand years before San Bernardino County was created, though, many Native American peoples inhabited the area. These included (in broad terms) the Serrano in the mountains and high desert, the Cahuilla in the San Gorgonio Pass and San Jacinto and Santa Rosa Mountains (now mostly in Riverside County), Chemehuevi and Mojave along the Colorado River, and to a smaller extent, the Gabrielenos in the southwest area of the county.

When Spain claimed California for it's own, the Spaniards began putting a series of missions in what was then called Alta California. While no missions were ever built in what would become San Bernardino County, the San Bernardino County area played a vital role during the mission period. The San Gabriel mission claimed lands in what is now the San Bernardino Valley, the Cajon Pass, and the San Gorgonio Pass. These lands were used for grazing of the large herds of cattle and sheep that belonged to the missions. In 1776, and again in 1778, Juan Bautista de Anza, an army captain charged with discovering an overland route from the Mexican state of Sonora to San Gabriel and Los Angeles, passed through the southwestern corner of San Bernardino County, near present-day Ontario.

California's Mission Period lasted until 1832, when Mexico, having taken over California from Spain 10 years earlier, desecularized the missions, and began doling out the vast mission holdings to political favorites, wealthy people, and cronies of the governors of California. The "grants" were called ranchos, and many of the ranchos in San Bernardino County have lent their names to modern-day locales - Chino, Cucamonga, San Bernardino, and the San Gorgonio Pass.

In 1851, with California being admitted to the United States only the year before, Brigham Young, leader of the Mormon church, gave permission to some of his followers in Utah to found a Mormon colony/outpost in southern California. Apostles Amasa Lyman and Charles Rich, accompanied by nearly 500 men, women, and children in 150 wagons left Utah and arrived near present-day Devore in the Cajon Pass early in June. That next February, they purchased the San Bernardino Rancho from the Lugos and set aside an area for a town - San Bernardino was born.

San Bernardino as an official Mormon settlement lasted only 5 years - in 1857, Brigham Young recalled the colonists, and many returned. The vacuum that was created by so many leaving so quickly was soon filled by opportunists of all kinds - San Bernardino found a reputation as a tough town.

During the 1860's, San Bernardino, and the nearby Bear and Holcomb Valleys, were a local hotbed of confederate sympathy.

In the 1870's, navel oranges were planted at Riverside (then in San Bernardino County), found to do extremely well, and opened up the San Bernardino Valley to several ventures which over the next 30 years would be built around farming and orcharding. These included Ontario, Upland, Fontan, Rialto, Highland, and Redlands.

In the 1880's, gold was discovered in Bear and Holcomb Valleys in the San Bernardino Mountains, and opened up a surge of mining developments in the mountains and high desert which continue today.

Although San Bernardino County had its area cut 2 more times since it's creation (in 1872, a large portion in the north was given to Inyo County, and in 1893 the southernmost sliver was divided off to form part of Riverside County), San Bernardino County remains the largest county in the United States today.

Follow this link to the San Bernardino Local History query page Add a question, or help someone out with information! See Historical Views from around the County! I have a few postcard views from around San Bernardino County in my collection. I'll post a few every so often so that you can see them. Do you have any? Would you like to see them here? Send 'em to me, and I'll post 'em!!

San Bernardino area The beautiful San Bernardino Railroad Station - circa 1910 (?)
A passenger train lumbering up Cajon Pass - circa 1955
Colton area View of Colton from Slover Mtn - circa 1905
Redlands area A great old drawing of Redlands from Smiley Heights - circa 1905 (?)
Desert area (Barstow, Victorville, Needles, etc.) The Fred Harvey hotel and railroad station at Mojave - circa 1910
Play an Active Role in Local History!! The Mission Inn Foundation, which runs the museum and tour program for Riverside's national historic landmark, the Mission Inn, is looking for volunteer docents for the Docent Training classes. Volunteers receive about 8 months of training in the history, art, architecture, and background of the Mission Inn, then join the cadre of veteran docents in leading tour guests throughout the building. The 8-month course (once a week except during the holidays) begins in September. For more information, please contact Nancy Wenzel at the Foundation at (909) 781-8241.
Genealogists!! Please visit my other sites as part of the California USGenWeb Project! Follow these links to pages about Riverside County San Bernardino County Here, you'll find many links of interest to genealogists, and a query system to see if there are others researching your area or family line. I try to check the new queries periodically, and will help where I can.

American Local History Network links! The Homepage of the American Local History Network - This is a project to provide local history information on a county-by-county basis. Check out THE homepage to learn more!!

The California Main Page of the American Local History Network - This is the homepage for the above dealing with California as a whole. It includes links for all counties, and stuff that is of a general interest nature about California.

Other historical links in and around the County:

San Bernardino County Museum - A must for people interested in the history, natural history, etc. of San Bernardino Co. The Museum's Historic Branch sites - A wealth of information on the Assistencia in San Bernardino, the John Rains house in Rancho Cucamonga, and many others historic sites countywide!

Park sites in San Bernardino County - Here is a listing of national, state, and BLM parks in the County.
San Bernardino Railroad Historical Society - This group owns and operates an old steam engine, and is getting ready to set up a museum of area railroad history.
Petroglyphs of the Mopah Mountains
San Bernardino Sesquicentennial

Questions? Comments? Concerns? E-mail me. I don't pretend to be an expert - but remember, this is to be a forum for everyone. Steve Lech - rivcokid[at symbol]earthlink.net This page is always being revised - check it often. Last updated December 11, 2004

This nonprofit research network is an independent affiliate of the American Local History Network, Inc. (ALHN), and hosted at no charge by USGenNet, a nonprofit historical and genealogical Safe-Site Server solely supported by tax-deductible contributions. No claim is made to the copyrights of individual submitters, and this site complies fully with USGenNet's Nonprofit Conditions of Use.


History of CSUSB

California State University, San Bernardino was born on April 29, 1960, when legislation was enacted to found San Bernardino-Riverside State College. The California State College system’s board of trustees selected a 430-acre site in north San Bernardino in 1963 to build the campus, and the college’s official name was changed to California State College at San Bernardino.

The original three-building campus welcomed its first 293 students in 1965 under the leadership of founding President John M. Pfau, who was appointed to the position in 1962 and set the stage for the opening of the college.

In 1967, California State College, San Bernardino celebrated its first graduating class of 59 students.

The campus added a five-story library in 1970, its first dormitories — named Serrano Village — in 1972, and the Commons Building, which replaced a cafeteria, in 1972. Growth and building continued on the campus with the addition of the student union and children’s center.

The San Bernardino campus welcomed its second president, Anthony H. Evans, in 1982.

Two years later, in 1984, the San Bernardino campus earned university status, officially becoming California State University, San Bernardino. This happened after the state colleges system changed its designation in 1972, becoming the California State University and Colleges system. After having met criteria established by the board of trustees and the Coordinating Council for Higher Education, 14 campuses were designated as “universities,” while five campuses remained “colleges.”

CSUSB began participating in intercollegiate sports, becoming a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in fall 1984. The first NCAA intercollegiate sporting event with the new CSUSB teams was held on Sept. 22, 1984, with the CSUSB men’s soccer team defeating the University of Redlands 4-3 in the first Division III event.

Two years later in 1986, the university opened a second campus, the Coachella Valley Center, on land leased from the College of the Desert in Palm Desert. The center consisted of an administrative office and classroom housed in a construction trailer.

Coyote Radio, the award-winning internet radio station for CSUSB, was introduced in 1993.

Throughout the 1990s, the campus expanded with new, modern facilities. Jack H. Brown Hall opened in 1993, followed by the Yasuda Center for Extended Learning in 1994. The Coussoulis Arena, which was then the largest indoor venue in San Bernardino and Riverside counties, opened in 1995, and the Robert and Frances Fullerton Museum (originally the Robert V. Fullerton Art Museum), home to an outstanding visual arts collection, opened in 1996.

In 1997, Albert K. Karnig took the reins as the university’s third president.

During the Karnig presidency, the campus constructed and expanded more than 1.5 million square feet of facilities, including the education building, social and behavioral sciences, chemical sciences, several corporation yard facilities, the enlarged student union, an expanded health center, the student recreation and fitness center, two parking structures, a new nursing laboratory, a privately funded water conservation demonstration garden, the privately funded Murillo Family astronomical observatory, the Veterans Success Center, and three new apartment complexes to accommodate 1,500 students.

The university also developed more than a dozen highly active research and service centers, including the Watson and Associates Literacy Center, the William and Barbara Leonard Transportation Center, Inland Empire Entrepreneurship Center, Palm Springs Center for a Sustainable Environment, and others focused on issues as diverse as water, economics education, developmental disabilities, global economics, hate and extremism, Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, child development, indigenous peoples, health disparities, criminal justice, learning, public opinion, recidivism and many more.

CSUSB achieved records in enrollment, diversity of faculty and students, grant and contract funding, overhead funds, fundraising and international program development. In fact, by 2011, the university's first-to-second year student retention rates reached record levels, as nearly 90 percent of all CSUSB first-time freshmen returned to the university — a level that was, at the time, among the three best in the 23-campus California State University system.

In the summer of 2001, the university began offering a year-round schedule of classes at the same cost as school-year classes. In December of that year, CSUSB held its first winter commencement.

The first building on the Coachella Valley campus opened in 2002, and the campus officially changed its name to the Palm Desert Campus of California State University, San Bernardino. The campus’ first four buildings were constructed entirely without state funds, with more than $40 million raised from foundations, municipalities and private gifts.

In 2002, President Karnig created the President’s Academic Excellence Scholarships, awarded to San Bernardino County high school seniors who graduate in the top 1 percent of their class. CSUSB also developed the Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) Renaissance Scholars Program in 2003 to help foster youth from their freshmen to senior years, offering admissions assistance, financial guidance and academic advising.

CSUSB established a successful cybersecurity program, becoming a national leader in cybersecurity education in 2008, which led to a Center of Academic Excellence designation from the National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security (in cyber defense/information assurance) through 2021.

The 2010-2011 data from the Collegiate Learning Assessment — employed by hundreds of colleges and universities across the nation to test freshmen and seniors in order to serve as an evaluation of value added by a college education — reported that Cal State San Bernardino ranked at the 96th percentile, or top 4 percent, in the nation.

In 2012, CSUSB was one of only four U.S. institutions and 18 in the world designated as Most Innovative Business Colleges by European CEO Magazine. Additionally, The Chronicle of Higher Education named CSUSB as one of the nation's “Best Colleges to Work For.” The university was also one of just five recipients of The Washington Center's prestigious 2012 Higher Education Civic Engagement Award.

The same year, Sierra magazine named CSUSB as one of “America's Coolest Schools” as a reflection of leadership in the area of sustainability. And StateUniversity.com ranked CSUSB as the second safest among 33 public college and university campuses in California. The university also gained recognition as a Military Friendly School and a Top 200 College for Native Americans.

Tomás D. Morales, who was previously president at the College of Staten Island, the City University of New York, became Cal State San Bernardino's fourth president on Aug. 15, 2012. Morales was officially invested on June 14, 2013.

Under President Morales, CSUSB has continued to focus on raising student retention rates and graduation rates, and in 2015, introduced the award-winning Coyote First STEP (Student Transition Enhancement Program), a free initiative to increase college readiness and graduation rates for incoming first-year students. The university also saw a noticeable increase in enrollment of African-American students in 2016, for both freshmen and transfer.

As part of CSUSB’s commitment to a multi-cultural approach to ensure the success of all of its students, CSUSB joined TheDream.US in 2014, a national program with the goal of providing college scholarships to more than 2,000 undocumented students around the country. CSUSB also established the DREAMers Resource and Success Center in 2015, the Pan-African Student Success Center in 2016, and the First People’s Center in 2017. CSUSB remains among the leading CSUs in retaining African-American as well as Latino students.

In 2016, CSUSB became one of eight CSU campuses to partner on a statewide effort to expand college access to formerly incarcerated individuals to help reduce the rate of recidivism, and established programs modeled after San Francisco State University's Project Rebound.

During 2014-15, the entire campus community came together to create a Strategic Plan, along with an Implementation Plan, for 2015-20. The five goals are: student success, faculty and staff success, resource sustainability and expansion, community engagement and partnerships and identity. The university’s mission, vision and core values are also available on the strategic plan website. In spring 2020, it was decided to extend the Strategic Plan for two years, with added objectives.

Under his leadership, CSUSB experienced the most profound philanthropic growth in university history. Upon his arrival in August 2012, the university’s endowment stood at roughly $19 million. By the winter of 2018, the endowment had grown to $40+ million. In September 2016, President Morales launched the public phase of the $50 million Comprehensive Campaign for CSUSB, the largest single fundraising initiative in university history. Just 20 months later, the campaign had raised 93 percent of its goal ($46.5 M). By the campaign’s conclusion in 2019, it had reached a total of $54 million raised, exceeding its goal.

Some of CSUSB’s other external measures include the launch of Coyote Cares Day in 2013, a day of volunteer service within the city of San Bernardino, and the Obershaw DEN in 2015, a food pantry to help CSUSB students who face food insecurity.

President Morales led the acquisition of the single largest cash gift in CSUSB history, $10 million from grocery titan Jack H. Brown of Stater Bros. The gift led to the first college naming in campus history, the Jack H. Brown College of Business and Public Administration.

In 2013, CSUSB’s satellite Palm Desert Campus welcomed its first freshman class. The graduation rate of that cohort finished at 20 percent, which would be among the highest in the CSU system if it was an independent campus.

The university has continued to be recognized by a number of prestigious organizations, including U.S. News & World Report, which ranked CSUSB among the top colleges and universities in the western U.S., Princeton Review, which named CSUSB one of the “Best in the West,” and Forbes magazine, which named CSUSB one of “America’s Top Colleges.” The university has also continued to receive recognitions for being a Military Friendly School and being one of the leading institutions for Hispanics in the nation. In addition to being designated a Hispanic Serving Institution, CSUSB is also a designated Minority-Serving Institution.

Beginning in 2013, CSUSB began to establish memoranda of understanding with local school districts which guarantee admission to students from those districts who satisfy certain college-ready criteria and further deepened their relationship with the San Bernardino City Unified School District to support their graduation and college preparedness goals.

In 2014, CSUSB partnered with the University of California, Riverside, the K-12 school systems in San Bernardino and Riverside counties, local governments and the business community to apply for a California Governor’s Innovation Grant. The initiative received the maximum ($5 million) award in 2015, and the Growing Inland Achievement initiative was born, with a goal to create a coordinated cradle to a career pathway, linking education and business throughout the two counties for the first time ever.

In 2014, CSUSB signed a historic agreement that guarantees admission to the CSUSB Palm Desert Campus for qualifying high school students from three Coachella Valley school districts. The Palm Desert Campus also dramatically increased the size of its campus in early 2015, adding 113 acres to its original 53. The campus introduced its cutting-edge Neurofeedback Center in 2017.

CSUSB began expanding its main campus with a new $95.8 million, 164,000 square feet student housing and dining complex, which opened in fall 2018, It represented the single largest development project in CSUSB history. In fall 2019, the Center for Global Innovation, the Platinum LEED-certified new home of our College of Extended & Global Education and hub for the university’s global activities, opened. The three-story, 71,000-square-foot facility features classrooms, multiuse spaces, an auditorium, and a rooftop terrace, dedicated to supporting international students and scholars as well as faculty and students engaged in education abroad programs. A 120,000-square-foot expansion of the Santos Manuel Student Union is underway that, when completed, will provide additional space for recreation, student services, meetings, and social gatherings. And we have received approval to create a new 74,817 square foot Performing Arts Center with a 500-seat music and theater instruction space and a new 19,020 square foot building for the College of Arts and Letters, along with renovation of the existing Performing Arts building.

Fall 2020 also marked the transformation of CSUSB from a quarter to a semester campus. This multi-year project involved all corners of the university to prepare, modify and innovate to ensure the same outstanding educational experience within a new academic schedule.


John Alexander Henderson

Police Officer

James Alexander Henderson was born on May 29, 1856, in St. Louis Missouri. When he was a small child, his father died and his mother migrated to San Bernardino with her children, where she became the second wife of a local Mormon businessman. Mr. Henderson married Asenia Ferrel Wilson and lived for many years at 805 N. Mount Vernon Avenue in San Bernardino. Mr. Henderson came from a large family, with many siblings however there is no record of him and Mrs. Henderson ever having any children of their own.

In the late 1800s Mr. Henderson was elected to three terms as the San Bernardino city marshall. After completing his third term, he went into the grocery business with future San Bernardino Policeman John Ketring, where they had a small market located at 555 W. 3rd Street. In 1905 Mr. Henderson became one of first officers of the current San Bernardino Police Department. After serving with the San Bernardino Police Department for many years, Mr. Henderson went into politics, and in 1919 he was elected to a term as San Bernardino city mayor.

Officer Henderson died in March 1938 at the age of 81 and is buried in San Bernardino’s Pioneer Cemetery, next to Mrs. Henderson.


San Bernardino's Railroad History

2016-05-07T13:16:11-04:00 https://images.c-span.org/Files/56f/20160507131723003_hd.jpg Allen Bone, Don Sheets, and Glen Icanberry talked about how the Santa Fe Railroad helped shape the city of San Bernardino, California. Scenes were also shown of the San Bernardino History and Railroad Museum, which is located in the 1918 Santa Fe Depot.

C-SPAN&rsquos Local Content Vehicles (LCVs) made a stop in their &ldquo2016 LCV Cities Tour&rdquo in San Bernardino, California, from April 2-8 to feature the history and literary life of the community. Working with the Charter and Time Warner cable local affiliates, they visited literary and historic sites where local historians, authors, and civic leaders were interviewed. The history segments air on American History TV (AHTV) on C-SPAN3 and the literary events/non-fiction author segments air on Book TV on C-SPAN2.

Allen Bone, Don Sheets, and Glen Icanberry talked about how the Santa Fe Railroad helped shape the city of San Bernardino, California. Scenes were also shown… read more

Allen Bone, Don Sheets, and Glen Icanberry talked about how the Santa Fe Railroad helped shape the city of San Bernardino, California. Scenes were also shown of the San Bernardino History and Railroad Museum, which is located in the 1918 Santa Fe Depot.

C-SPAN&rsquos Local Content Vehicles (LCVs) made a stop in their &ldquo2016 LCV Cities Tour&rdquo in San Bernardino, California, from April 2-8 to feature the history and literary life of the community. Working with the Charter and Time Warner cable local affiliates, they visited literary and historic sites where local historians, authors, and civic leaders were interviewed. The history segments air on American History TV (AHTV) on C-SPAN3 and the literary events/non-fiction author segments air on Book TV on C-SPAN2. close


When San Bernardino Was a Mormon Colony

Brigham Young's territorial ambitions suffered a blow in 1851, when Congress rejected the State of Deseret's claim to the Southern California coast, creating instead a smaller Territory of Utah.

But Young, who served as both Mormon church president and Utah territorial governor, did not let go of his California dream.

In March 1851, 437 Latter-day Saints set out from Great Salt Lake City to establish a foothold in the San Bernardino Valley. Located relatively close to the port at San Pedro and the gentile settlement of Los Angeles, their colony would gather supplies for the Mormon heartland in Utah. It would also gather souls, welcoming converts from the gold fields up north, the Sandwich Isles, and other lands overseas. The importance of the mission was reflected in the choice of its leaders: Amasa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich, two of the Mormon church's twelve apostles.

In the days of covered wagons – and the colonists had 150 of them – the journey was fraught and arduous. Waypoints bore ominous names like Bitter Spring and Impassible Pass. But by the end of 1851, the colonists had traversed the Cajon Pass (where the name of the Mormon Rocks still pays tribute to their passage), purchased Rancho San Bernardino from the Lugo family, and erected Fort San Bernardino, a five-acre village crowded within a 12-foot stockade. Outside they dug irrigation canals, planted crops and vineyards, and cleared a lumber road into the nearby mountains.

Soon the colonists left their fort walls to establish the town of San Bernardino. Surveyor H. G. Sherwood, who also designed the street plan for Salt Lake City, platted out 72 square blocks within a rectilinear grid. Street names recognized the Mormons' westward flight from persecution: Independence Street, Nauvoo Street, Salt Lake Street.

The colony thrived. By 1856 San Bernardino's population of nearly 3,000 rivaled that of Los Angeles. It also generated its own political institutions: a county (split off from Los Angeles County in 1853) and municipality (incorporated in 1854). As in Utah, Mormon ecclesiastical leaders filled civil offices, too. Apostle Lyman, for example, served as San Bernardino's first mayor.

Observers from Los Angeles heaped praise upon the colony and the Mormons' renowned capacity for communal action. "With the will, they have the power to accomplish whatever they wish," wrote the Los Angeles Star's correspondent in October 1853, "for what difficulty is too great to be overcome where a people are all of one mind, and are ready to concentrate all their energies to accomplish whatever appears conducive to their welfare."

Back in Zion, however, Brigham Young greeted San Bernardino's outward signs of success with suspicion, even from the colony's inception. The settlers may have been fulfilling his California dream, but Young watched with dismay as their wagon train -- several times longer than he'd envisioned -- departed the Salt Lake Valley in 1851. The prophet was, his clerk noted, "sick at the sight of so many of the Saints running off to California," far from his political and spiritual authority.

Over the next few years, a proliferation of dissidents and outright apostates confirmed Young's fears about the colony. Worse, legal disputes with non-Mormons squatters threatened to escalate into open violence. "Their community is surrounded with unscrupulous squatters and dissenters, anxious for an excuse to drive them from the country," observed Army captain E. O. C. Ord in 1856. With the wounds of Jackson County, Missouri, and Nauvoo, Illinois, still fresh, church leaders wound down the San Bernardino colony. In 1856 Young reassigned Lyman and Rich to Europe, and in October 1857, as civil war loomed between the federal government and Utah, he recalled the Saints to Zion. Nearly half disobeyed, but those still faithful sold their land, loaded their belongings into wagons, and began their retreat from California.


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