Today in History
241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands: The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing the First Punic War to an end.
298 - Roman Emperor Maximian concludes his campaign in North Africa against the Berbers, and makes a triumphal entry into Carthage.
1607 - Susenyos I defeats the combined armies of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battle of Gol in Gojjam, making him Emperor of Ethiopia.
1629 - Charles I of England dissolves Parliament, beginning the eleven-year period known as the Personal Rule.
1735 - An agreement between Nader Shah and Russia is signed near Ganja, Azerbaijan and Russian troops are withdrawn from Baku.
1762 - French Huguenot Jean Calas, who had been wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform.
1804 - Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, Missouri, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of the Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
1814 - Napoleon I of France is defeated at the Battle of Laon in France.
1816 - Crossing of the Andes: A group of royalist scouts is captured during the Action of Juncalito.
1830 - The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army is created.
1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is ratified by the United States Senate, ending the Mexican-American War.
1861 - El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Ségou, destroying the Bamana Empire of Mali.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell makes the first successful telephone call by saying “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you.”
1891 - Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the Strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
1906 - The Courrières mine disaster, Europe's worst ever, kills 1099 miners in Northern France.
1909 - By signing the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909, Thailand relinquishes its sovereignty over the Malay states of Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis and Terengganu, which become British protectorates.
1915 - The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins. This is the first large-scale operation by the British Army.
1917 - Some provinces and cities in the Philippines are incorporated due to the ratification of Act No. 2711 or the Administrative Code of the Philippines.
1922 - Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in India, tried for sedition, and sentenced to six years in prison, only to be released after nearly two years for an appendicitis operation.
1933 - An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million in damage.
1944 - Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front.
1945 - The U.S. Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting conflagration kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians.
1952 - Fulgencio Batista leads a successful coup in Cuba and appoints himself as the “provisional president”.
1959 - Tibetan uprising: Fearing an abduction attempt by China, 300,000 Tibetans surround the Dalai Lama's palace to prevent his removal.
1966 - Military Prime Minister of South Vietnam Nguyễn Cao Kỳ sacked rival General Nguyễn Chánh Thi, precipitating large-scale civil and military dissension in parts of the nation.
1968 - Vietnam War: Battle of Lima Site 85, concluding the 11th with largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during that war.
1969 - In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King, Jr. He later unsuccessfully attempts to retract his plea.
1970 - Vietnam War: Captain Ernest Medina is charged by the U.S. military with My Lai war crimes.
1975 - Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh Campaign: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột in the South on their way to capturing Saigon in the final push for victory over South Vietnam.
1977 - Rings of Uranus: Astronomers discover rings around Uranus.
1980 - Madeira School headmistress Jean Harris shoots and kills Scarsdale diet doctor Herman Tarnower
1980 - Formation of the Irish Army Ranger Wing.
1990 - In Haiti, Prosper Avril is ousted 18 months after seizing power in a coup.
2000 - The Nasdaq Composite stock market index peaks at 5132.52, signaling the beginning of the end of the dot-com boom.
2005 - Tung Chee-hwa resigns from his post as the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong after widespread public dissatisfaction of his tenure.
2006 - The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter arrives at Mars.
All above information obtained from Wikipedia.org
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